461-160-0430    Effective 10/01/19
Income Deductions; SNAP

In the SNAP program:

  1. Deductions from income are subtracted from countable (see OAR 461-001-0000) income (see OAR 461-140-0010) in the following order to determine adjusted income (see OAR 461-001-0000) for the SNAP program:

    1. An earned income deduction of 20 percent of countable earned income. The 20 percent deduction is not taken from the wages funded by grant diversions such as Work Supplementation wages.

    2. A standard deduction of:

      1. $167 per month for a benefit group (see OAR 461-110-0750) of one, two, or three individuals.

      2. $178 per month for a benefit group of four individuals.

      3. $209 per month for a benefit group of five individuals.

      4. $240 per month for a benefit group of six or more individuals.

    3. A dependent care deduction for dependent care costs billed to a member of the filing group (see OAR 461-110-0370) and not paid for through any other program of the Department. For the cost to be deductible under this section, the care must be necessary to enable a member of the filing group to--

      1. Accept or continue employment;

      2. Seek employment, including a job search that meets the requirements of a case plan (see OAR 461-001-0020); or

      3. Attend vocational or educational training. A student receiving educational income is entitled to a deduction only for costs not excluded from educational income by OAR 461-145-0150.

    4. The medical deduction for elderly (see OAR 461-001-0015) individuals and individuals who have a disability (see OAR 461-001-0015) in the filing group. The deduction is calculated by determining the total of their deductible medical costs (see OAR 461-160-0415) and subtracting $35.  The Department uses the resulting amount to determine the allowable deduction as follows:

      1. For an amount less than $0, no deduction is allowed.

      2. For an amount greater than $0 but less than $170.01, a deduction of $170 is allowed.

      3. For an amount greater than $170, a deduction of the amount determined under this subsection is allowed.

    5. A deduction for child support payments (including cash medical support) a member of the filing group makes under a legal obligation to a child (see OAR 461-001-0000) not a member of the filing group, including payments for the current month and for payments on arrearages. Child support is not deductible if collected by setoff through the Oregon Department of Revenue or by interception of a federal tax refund.

    6. A shelter deduction, calculated as follows:

      1. For SNAP filing group members required to pay room and board in a nonstandard living arrangement (see OAR 461-001-0000), the shelter deduction is--

        1. The cost of room and board, minus the payment standard for the benefit group; or

        2. The actual room cost, if the individual can prove that the room cost exceeds the cost described in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph.

      2. For all other filing group members, the shelter deduction is calculated as follows:

        1. The standard deduction and the deductions of earned income, dependent care, court-ordered child support, and medical expenses are subtracted from countable income. Fifty percent of the remainder is subtracted from the shelter cost calculated in accordance with OAR 461-160-0420.

        2. The rounded balance is the deduction, except the deduction is limited if the filing group has no member who has a disability or is elderly. The limit is $569 per month.

  2. If an individual cannot verify a medical or court-ordered child-support expense or cannot verify any other expense when asked to do so, the unverified expense is not used to calculate the deduction. If the individual provides verification, the deduction is applied when calculating the next month's benefits. If verification is provided within the period authorized for processing applications (see OAR 461-115-0210), the benefits for the initial month (see OAR 461-001-0000) are recalculated using the deduction.

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 409.050, 411.060, 411.070, 411.816
Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 409.010, 409.050, 411.060, 411.070, 411.816, 411.825, 411.837

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