Previous Rules


461-135-0832    Effective 10/01/13
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of these rules (OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0847) and ORS 93.268, 410.075, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350 the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in these rules, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 USC 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department applies the definitions and procedures set forth in these rules to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350.

  1. "Assets" means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death, including any income or resources to which the individual is entitled, but does not receive, because of action: by the individual; the individual's spouse; by a person, including a court or administrative body with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the individual; or by any person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the individual.

  2. "Assign" means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. "Blind child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. "Bona fide purchaser for value" means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. "Child under age 21" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. "Consideration furnished test" means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. "Convincing evidence" includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. "Date of request" means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. "Disabled child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. "Estate" means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. "Heir" means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. "Interest" means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. "Interspousal transfer" means any transfer, or chain of transfers, that effectively transfers title or control of an asset, or an interest in an asset, from one spouse to another, including: direct transfers between spouses, transfers from one or both spouses to a trust, and transfers from one trust to another trust.

  14. "Intestate" means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  15. "Intestate succession" means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  16. "Joint tenancy" means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  17. "Legal title" means legal ownership by a person.

  18. "Life estate" means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  19. "Living trust" means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  20. "Medical institution" means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to home and community-based care (see OAR 461-001-0030) in-home services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  21. "Ownership documents" mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  22. "Permanently institutionalized" means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  23. "Person" means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  24. "Personal property" means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  25. "Real property" means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties. Real property includes property conveyed by the individual to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the individual's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the individual's surviving spouse, if the real property may be included in the individual's, or the individual's surviving spouse's, estate, as defined in this rule.

  26. "Recipient of property" means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  27. "Survivor" means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  28. "Survivorship" means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  29. "Tenancy in common" means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  30. "Time of death" means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  31. "Transfer on death deed" has the meaning set out in Oregon Laws 2011, chapter 212, section 2.

  32. "Value" means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.060, 411.070, 416.340, 416.350
Stats. Implemented: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.010, 411.060, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, 416.350, 2011 Or Laws 212 section 2, 2011 Or Laws 720 section 224


461-135-0832    Temporary Effective 07/01/13 through 09/30/13
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of these rules (OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0847) and ORS 93.268, 410.075, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350 the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in these rules, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 USC 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department applies the definitions and procedures set forth in these rules to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350.

  1. "Assets" means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death, including any income or resources to which the individual is entitled, but does not receive, because of action: by the individual; the individual's spouse; by a person, including a court or administrative body with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the individual; or by any person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the individual.

  2. "Assign" means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. "Blind child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. "Bona fide purchaser for value" means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. "Child under age 21" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. "Consideration furnished test" means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. "Convincing evidence" includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. "Date of request" means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. "Disabled child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. "Estate" means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. "Heir" means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. "Interest" means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. "Interspousal transfer" means any transfer, or chain of transfers, that effectively transfers title or control of an asset, or an interest in an asset, from one spouse to another, including: direct transfers between spouses, transfers from one or both spouses to a trust, and transfers from one trust to another trust.

  14. "Intestate" means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  15. "Intestate succession" means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  16. "Joint tenancy" means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  17. "Legal title" means legal ownership by a person.

  18. "Life estate" means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  19. "Living trust" means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  20. "Medical institution" means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to home and community-based care (see OAR 461-001-0030) in-home services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  21. "Ownership documents" mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  22. "Permanently institutionalized" means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  23. "Person" means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  24. "Personal property" means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  25. "Real property" means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties. Real property includes property conveyed by the individual to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the individual's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the individual's surviving spouse, if the real property may be included in the individual's, or the individual's surviving spouse's, estate, as defined in this rule.

  26. "Recipient of property" means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  27. "Survivor" means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  28. "Survivorship" means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  29. "Tenancy in common" means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  30. "Time of death" means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  31. "Transfer on death deed" has the meaning set out in Oregon Laws 2011, chapter 212, section 2.

  32. "Value" means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.060, 411.070, 416.340, 416.350
Stats. Implemented: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.010, 411.060, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, 416.350, 2011 Or Laws 212 section 2, 2011 Or Laws 720 section 224


461-135-0832    Effective 01/01/12
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of these rules (OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0847) and ORS 93.268, 410.075, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350 the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in these rules, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 USC 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department applies the definitions and procedures set forth in these rules to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350.

  1. "Assets" means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death, including any income or resources to which the individual is entitled, but does not receive, because of action: by the individual; the individual's spouse; by a person, including a court or administrative body with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the individual; or by any person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the individual.

  2. "Assign" means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. "Blind child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. "Bona fide purchaser for value" means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. "Child under age 21" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. "Consideration furnished test" means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. "Convincing evidence" includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. "Date of request" means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. "Disabled child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. "Estate" means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Transfer on death deed;

        7. Living trust;

        8. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        9. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. "Heir" means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. "Interest" means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. "Interspousal transfer" means any transfer, or chain of transfers, that effectively transfers title or control of an asset, or an interest in an asset, from one spouse to another, including: direct transfers between spouses, transfers from one or both spouses to a trust, and transfers from one trust to another trust.

  14. "Intestate" means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  15. "Intestate succession" means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  16. "Joint tenancy" means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  17. "Legal title" means legal ownership by a person.

  18. "Life estate" means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  19. "Living trust" means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  20. "Medical institution" means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  21. "Ownership documents" mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  22. "Permanently institutionalized" means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  23. "Person" means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  24. "Personal property" means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  25. "Real property" means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties. Real property includes property conveyed by the individual to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the individual's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the individual's surviving spouse, if the real property may be included in the individual's, or the individual's surviving spouse's, estate, as defined in this rule.

  26. "Recipient of property" means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  27. "Survivor" means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  28. "Survivorship" means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  29. "Tenancy in common" means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  30. "Time of death" means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  31. "Transfer on death deed" has the meaning set out in Oregon Laws 2011, chapter 212, section 2.

  32. "Value" means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.060, 411.070, 416.340, 416.350
Stats. Implemented: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 410.075, 411.010, 411.060, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, 416.350, 2011 Or Laws 212 section 2, 2011 Or Laws 720 section 224


461-135-0832    Effective 04/01/10
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of these rules (OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0847) and ORS 93.268, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350 the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in these rules, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 USC 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department applies the definitions and procedures set forth in these rules to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, and 416.350.

  1. "Assets" means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death, including any income or resources to which the individual is entitled, but does not receive, because of action: by the individual; the individual's spouse; by a person, including a court or administrative body with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the individual; or by any person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the individual.

  2. "Assign" means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. "Blind child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. "Bona fide purchaser for value" means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. "Child under age 21" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. "Consideration furnished test" means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. "Convincing evidence" includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. "Date of request" means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. "Disabled child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. "Estate" means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. "Heir" means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. "Interest" means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. "Interspousal transfer" means any transfer, or chain of transfers, that effectively transfers title or control of an asset, or an interest in an asset, from one spouse to another, including: direct transfers between spouses, transfers from one or both spouses to a trust, and transfers from one trust to another trust.

  14. "Intestate" means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  15. "Intestate succession" means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  16. "Joint tenancy" means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  17. "Legal title" means legal ownership by a person.

  18. "Life estate" means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  19. "Living trust" means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  20. "Medical institution" means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  21. "Ownership documents" mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  22. "Permanently institutionalized" means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  23. "Person" means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  24. "Personal property" means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  25. "Real property" means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties. Real property includes property conveyed by the individual to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the individual's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the individual's surviving spouse, if the real property may be included in the individual's, or the individual's surviving spouse's, estate, as defined in this rule.

  26. "Recipient of property" means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  27. "Survivor" means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  28. "Survivorship" means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  29. "Tenancy in common" means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  30. "Time of death" means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  31. "Value" means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070, 411.060, 416.350
Stats. Implemented: ORS 93.268, 410.070, 411.060, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 416.310, 416.340, 416.350


461-135-0832    Effective 01/01/09
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of these rules (OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0847) and ORS 93.268, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in these rules, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 USC 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department applies the definitions and procedures set forth in these rules to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. "Assets" means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death, including any income or resources to which the individual is entitled, but does not receive, because of action: by the individual; the individual's spouse; by a person, including a court or administrative body with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the individual; or by any person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the individual.

  2. "Assign" means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. "Blind child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. "Bona fide purchaser for value" means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. "Child under age 21" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. "Consideration furnished test" means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. "Convincing evidence" includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. "Date of request" means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. "Disabled child" means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. "Estate" means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. "Heir" means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. "Interest" means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. "Interspousal transfer" means any transfer, or chain of transfers, that effectively transfers title or control of an asset, or an interest in an asset, from one spouse to another, including: direct transfers between spouses, transfers from one or both spouses to a trust, and transfers from one trust to another trust.

  14. "Intestate" means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  15. "Intestate succession" means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  16. "Joint tenancy" means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  17. "Legal title" means legal ownership by a person.

  18. "Life estate" means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  19. "Living trust" means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  20. "Medical institution" means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  21. "Ownership documents" mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  22. "Permanently institutionalized" means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  23. "Person" means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  24. "Personal property" means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  25. "Real property" means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties. Real property includes property conveyed by the individual to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the individual's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the individual's surviving spouse, if the real property may be included in the individual's, or the individual's surviving spouse's, estate, as defined in this rule.

  26. "Recipient of property" means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  27. "Survivor" means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  28. "Survivorship" means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  29. "Tenancy in common" means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  30. "Time of death" means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  31. "Value" means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070, 411.060, 411.795, 414.105
Stats. Implemented: ORS 93.268, 411.694, 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, 416.340


461-135-0832    Effective 10/01/08
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0845 and ORS 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Blind child means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter, of any age, who, within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim, substantiates blindness throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim by presenting evidence of:

    1. Vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with a corrective lens; or

    2. A limitation in vision field to an angle of 20 degrees or less; or

    3. Meeting any other SSI criteria for blindness.

  4. Bona fide purchaser for value means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  5. Child under age 21 means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter who is under 21 years of age throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim.

  6. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  7. Convincing evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  8. Date of Request means the date an individual or someone authorized on behalf of the individual contacts the Department or uses another appropriate method to request benefits (see OAR 461-115-0150). The request may be oral or in writing. It starts the application process.

  9. Disabled child means the deceased recipient's natural or adopted son or daughter of any age, who meets SSI disability criteria throughout the time the Department seeks to enforce its claim, and who presents evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department initially asserts its claim.

  10. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided prior to July 18, 1995, or for exclusively state funded public assistance, all real property, personal property, or other assets included within a recipient's estate, or the estate of the recipient's spouse, as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for public assistance provided on or after July 18, 1995:

      1. For recipients who die prior to October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property, or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement.

      2. For recipients who die on or after October 1, 2008, all real property, personal property. or other assets, wherever located, in which a recipient had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death of the recipient, including real property, personal property, or other assets conveyed by the recipient to, subsequently acquired by, or traceable to, a person, including the recipient's surviving spouse and any successor-in-interest to the recipient's surviving spouse, through:

        1. Tenancy by the entirety;

        2. Joint tenancy;

        3. Tenancy in common;

        4. Not as tenants in common, but with the right of survivorship;

        5. Life estate;

        6. Living trust;

        7. Annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001; or

        8. Other similar arrangement, such as an interspousal transfer of assets, including one facilitated by a court order, which occurred no earlier than 60 months prior to the first date of request established from the recipient's and the recipient's spouse's applications, or at any time thereafter, whether approved, withdrawn, or denied, for the public assistance programs referenced in OAR 461-135-0835(2).

  11. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  12. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  13. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  14. Intestate succession means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  15. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  16. Legal title means legal ownership by a person.

  17. Life estate means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  18. Living trust means a revocable or irrevocable inter vivos trust funded with assets to which the recipient is legally entitled.

  19. Medical institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  20. Ownership documents mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  21. Permanently institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  22. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  23. Personal property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  24. Real property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  25. Recipient of property means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  26. Survivor means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  27. Survivorship means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  28. Tenancy in common means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  29. Time of death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  30. Value means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070, 411.060, 411.795, 414.105
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.708, 411.795, 414.105, 416.310, 416.340


461-135-0832 Effective 04/01/06
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0845 and ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0832 to 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a person who acquires an interest in real or personal property or an asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such real or personal property or asset from a person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of real property or personal property equal to the fair market value of the real or personal property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of real or personal property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Disabled child means a natural or adopted son or daughter of the deceased client, of any age, who met SSI disability criteria and was permanently and totally disabled, as defined in ORS 412.510(3), at the time the Department's claim was asserted, and who presented evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department asserted the claim.

  7. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all real property, personal property, or other assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any legal title or ownership or beneficial interest at the time of death, including real property, personal property or assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a survivor, heir, or assign of the decedent through joint tenancy, tenancy in common, survivorship, life estate, living trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all real and personal property and other assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  8. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under intestate succession to the real property, personal property, and assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially intestate.

  9. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  10. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  11. Intestate succession means succession to real property, personal property or assets of a decedent who dies intestate or partially intestate.

  12. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  13. Legal title means legal ownership by a person.

  14. Life estate means an interest in real or personal property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  15. Living trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  16. Medical institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  17. Ownership documents mean any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or legal title held by a person.

  18. Permanently institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  19. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  20. Real property means all tangible and intangible real property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  21. Real property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  22. Recipient of property means:

    1. Any survivor, heir, assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other person to whom real property, personal property or other assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, intestate succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such real property, personal property, or asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  23. Survivor means any person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of real or personal property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  24. Survivorship means an interest in real or personal property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  25. Tenancy in common means ownership of real or personal property by an individual together with one or more other persons which ownership interest shall not pass by survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  26. Time of death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall time of death be construed to mean a time after which an interest in real or personal property or other assets may:

    1. Pass by survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  27. Value means the fair market value. Fair market value is the price at which real or personal property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the real or personal property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070, 411.060
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective: 1/01/05
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Disabled child means a natural or adopted son or daughter of the deceased client, of any age, who met SSI disability criteria and was permanently and totally disabled, as defined in ORS 412.510(3), at the time the Department's claim was asserted, and who presented evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department asserted the claim.

  7. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  8. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property, and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  9. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  10. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  11. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  12. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  13. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  14. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  15. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  16. 16.Medical Institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  17. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  18. Permanently Institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  19. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  20. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  21. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  22. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  23. 23. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  24. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  25. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  26. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  27. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070, 411.060
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective: 1/01/04
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Disabled child means a natural or adopted son or daughter of the deceased client, of any age, who met SSI disability criteria and was permanently and totally disabled at the time the Department's claim was asserted and who presented evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department asserted the claim.

  7. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  8. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property, and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  9. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  10. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  11. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  12. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  13. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  14. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  15. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  16. Medical Institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  17. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  18. Permanently Institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  19. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  20. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  21. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  22. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  23. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  24. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  25. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  26. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  27. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective: 7/01/03
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310, and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Disabled child means a natural or adopted son or daughter of the deceased client, of any age, who met SSI disability criteria at the time the Department's claim was asserted and who presented evidence to the Department substantiating the disability within two years after the Department asserted the claim.

  7. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  8. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property, and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  9. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  10. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  11. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  12. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  13. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  14. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  15. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  16. Medical Institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  17. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  18. Permanently Institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  19. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  20. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts, and contract rights.

  21. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest, and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  22. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

    3. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

    4. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

    5. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

    6. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

      1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

      2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

    7. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective: 7/01/02
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  15. Medical Institution means a facility that provides care and services equivalent to those received in a nursing facility. Medical Institution does not apply to in-home waivered services, adult foster home (AFH) care, residential care facility (RCF) services, or assisted living facility (ALF) care.

  16. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  17. Permanently Institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  18. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  19. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  20. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  21. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; and

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  22. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  23. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  24. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  25. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; or

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  26. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth: ORS 410.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective 4/01/02
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  15. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  16. Permanently Institutionalized means an individual, regardless of age, who, at the time of his or her death, had resided in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or other medical institution, for 180 days or more.

  17. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  18. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  19. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  20. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; AND

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  21. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  22. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  23. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  24. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; OR

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  25. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Department by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 410.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective 10/01/01
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, an annuity purchased on or after April 1, 2001 or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s), including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  15. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  16. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  17. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  18. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  19. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; AND

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  20. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  21. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  22. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  23. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; OR

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  24. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Division by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Authority: 414.105
Stats. Emplemented: 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective 04/01/01
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600,413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Services applies the definitions and procedures set forth in OAR 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources that an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust, annuity or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s) , including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable inter vivos trust.

  15. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  16. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  17. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  18. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  19. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; AND

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  20. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  21. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  22. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  23. Time of Death means the instant of death, the time and date of which shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; OR

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  24. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Division by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Authority: 414.105
Stats. Emplemented: 414.105


461-135-0832 Effective 12/01/00
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below shall have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Resources Estate Administration Unit shall apply the definitions and procedures set forth in rules 461-135-0835 through 461-135-0845 to recoveries and claimsmade pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources which an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances which entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s) , including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable intervivos trust.

  15. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  16. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  17. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  18. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  19. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; AND

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

    3. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

    4. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

    5. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

    6. Time of Death means the instant of death for the which time and date shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

      1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; OR

      2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

    7. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the Medicaid recipient or the Time of Death of the surviving spouse, if estate recovery is deferred until the surviving spouse dies. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller. In the event the Real or Personal Property was not reported to the Division by the deceased Medicaid recipient, the Value would be established based on its fair market value at the time of discovery.

Stat. Authority: 414.105
Stats. Emplemented: 414.105


461-135-0832
Estate Administration; Definitions

Effective July 18, 1995, for purposes of ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340, the terms listed below shall have the meanings ascribed to them herein; provided, however, as used in this section, any term has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States in effect on June 1, 1996, relating to the recovery of medical assistance paid by a state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq. relating to Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs, unless a different meaning is clearly required or the term is specifically defined herein. The Department of Human Resources Estate Administration Unit shall apply the definitions and procedures set forth in rules 461-135-835 through 461-135-845 to recoveries and claims made pursuant to ORS 414.105, 411.795, 412.600, 413.200, 416.310 and 416.340.

  1. Assets means all income and resources of an individual, including any income or resources which an individual is entitled to at the time of death.

  2. Assign means a Person who acquires an interest in Real or Personal Property or an Asset pursuant to a written or oral assignment of such Real or Personal Property or Asset from a Person with the legal right to assign it.

  3. Bona fide purchaser for value means any Person who provides consideration, including money or property, to a seller or transferor of Real Property or Personal Property equal to the fair market value of the Real or Personal Property sold or transferred.

  4. Consideration furnished test means the method by which the ownership of Real or Personal Property is traced to its economic origin. The fractional share of the property considered owned by a co-owner shall be that fractional share to have originally belonged to or to be attributable to the monetary consideration furnished by the co-owner. The fractional share is based on the proportion the original ownership share or monetary consideration bore to the acquisition cost and, if applicable, capital additions for the property. The fractional share is not based on the dollar amount of contribution compared to the current market value of the property. For example, if one co-owner contributed $2,500 and the other $7,500 to the purchase price of a $10,000 property in 1960; in 1995, the property is appraised at $50,000. The co-owner who contributed $2,500 is considered to own 25% of the property in 1995.

  5. Convincing Evidence includes, but is not limited to:

    1. Recorded documents of title.

    2. Unrecorded documents of title executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    3. Tax statements or returns.

    4. Records of banking, financial or other similar institutions.

    5. Written receipts, bills of sale or other writings or documents executed contemporaneously with the transaction or transfer at issue.

    6. Such other reliable, probative evidence, including oral, of a similar nature and authenticity that accurately reflects the true facts of the transaction or transfer at issue.

  6. Estate means:

    1. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided on or after July 18, 1995, all Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets wherever located in which a deceased individual had any Legal Title or ownership or beneficial interest at the Time of Death, including Real Property, Personal Property or Assets conveyed by the deceased individual to a Survivor, Heir or Assign of the decedent through Joint Tenancy, Tenancy In Common, Survivorship, Life Estate, Living Trust or other similar arrangement.

    2. With respect to the collection of payments made for services provided before July 18, 1995, all Real and Personal Property and other Assets included within an individual's estate as such estate is defined by applicable state probate law.

  7. Heir means any individual, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled under Intestate Succession to the Real Property, Personal Property and Assets of a decedent who died wholly or partially Intestate.

  8. Interest means any form of legal, beneficial, equitable or ownership interest.

  9. Intestate means one who dies without leaving a valid will, or the circumstance of dying without leaving a valid will, effectively disposing of all of a decedent's estate.

  10. Intestate Succession means succession to Real Property, Personal Property or Assets of a decedent who dies Intestate or partially Intestate.

  11. Joint tenancy means ownership of property held under circumstances which entitle one or more owners to the whole of the property on the death of the other owner(s) , including, but not limited to, joint tenants with right of survivorship and tenants by the entirety.

  12. Legal Title means legal ownership by a Person.

  13. Life Estate means an Interest in Real or Personal Property that terminates upon the death of a measuring life.

  14. Living Trust means a revocable intervivos trust.

  15. Ownership Documents means any applicable documents, certificates or written evidence of title or ownership such as, but not limited to, recorded deeds, stock certificates, certificates of title, bills of sale or other similar documents evidencing ownership or Legal Title held by a Person.

  16. Person means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, trust, estate or other form of entity.

  17. Personal Property means all tangible and intangible personal property wherever located, including, but not limited to, chattels and movables, boats, vehicles, furniture, personal effects, livestock, tools, farming implements, cash, currency, negotiable papers, securities, contracts and contract rights.

  18. Real Property means all land wherever situated, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and every estate, Interest and right, whether legal or equitable, therein including, but not limited to, fee simple, terms for years, life estates, leasehold interests, condominiums or time share properties.

  19. Recipient of Property means:

    1. Any Survivor, Heir, Assign, devisee under a will, beneficiary of a trust, transferee or other Person to whom Real Property, Personal Property or other Assets pass upon the death of the decedent either by law, Intestate Succession, contract, will, trust instrument or otherwise; AND

    2. Any subsequent transferee of such Real Property, Personal Property or Asset, or proceeds from the sale thereof, through any form of conveyance, that is not a bona fide purchaser for value.

  20. Survivor means any Person who, as a co-tenant, is automatically entitled to an expanded share of Real or Personal Property upon the death of a fellow co-tenant.

  21. Survivorship means an interest in Real or Personal Property that expires upon the death of an individual whereby the Interest of the individual's co-owners automatically expands to the same extent without necessity for any act of transfer or distribution.

  22. Tenancy in Common means ownership of Real or Personal Property by an individual together with one or more other Persons which ownership Interest shall not pass by Survivorship upon the death of the individual.

  23. Time of Death means the instant of death for the which time and date shall be established in the place of the decedent's residence; in no case shall Time of Death be construed to mean a time after which an Interest in Real or Personal Property or other Assets may:

    1. Pass by Survivorship or other operation of law due to the death of the decedent; OR

    2. Terminate by reason of the decedent's death.

  24. Value means the fair market value as of the Time of Death of the decedent. Fair market value is the price at which Real or Personal Property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller less liens and encumbrances established by Convincing Evidence.