Release 87: Effective October 1, 2017

J.  Minor Parents


View in PDF format for printing


  1. Definitions
  2. Who is a Minor Parent? A minor parent is any parent under the age of 18.

    Who is a Minor Parent Head of Household? A minor parent head of household is an individual applying for themselves and their child.

    Who is a Major Parent? A major parent is a parent in the same household with their minor parent child.

    Who is a Teen Parent? A teen parent is a parent 19 and younger who does not have their high school diploma or equivalent.

  3. Eligibility
  4. A minor parent filing for TANF benefits cannot be both a dependent child and a caretaker for their own child. If they are considered a dependent child, they must file for benefits with their parent or caretaker relative (see examples in TANF, Chapter C).

    Minor Parents and Teen Parents need to meet all TANF eligibility requirements to be eligible for TANF:

  5. Minor parents living with their major parents
  6. When a minor parent returns to live or lives with their parents, eligibility for the minor parent will be determined as follows:

      Requirements for verifying income and deductions for major parents apply when determining the deemed income for a minor parent living with a biological parent.

    Example 8:

    Major mom earns $700.00 a month working. Three are five people in the household, including the minor parent and her child. The other people in the household are the major mom and her other two children. To deem, take the $700.00 - $90.00 (earned income deduction) = $610.00. Look at the standard chart to determine the payment standard for three. Take the income of $610.00 and subtract the $506.00, which equals $104.00. This is the amount by which we would reduce the minor parent’s TANF grant. The deemed income of $104.00 would be coded on the major mom need resource line. TANF grant for two will be ($432.00 – 104.00) $328.

    Example 9: Marjorie needs TANF but her mom, Darlene, does not want or need TANF. The worker explains the deeming of major parentís income and Darlene agrees this is fine. Darlene states that she has one other child besides Marjorie and her grandson, Phillip. Darlene turns in verification of her son Paulís SSI income, verification of her monthly babysitting ($500.00) and child support for Marjorie ($150.00).

    Paulís SSI is excluded:
    $500.00 monthly income Ė $90.00 = $410.00
    $150.00 child support - $50.00 (dsp) = $100.00
    Remaining Total of $510.00

    The worker will remove the need of Darlene which is $339.00. $510.00 - $339.00 = $171.00. TANF for a family of two is $432.00 - $171.00 deemed income = $261.00. $261.00 will be Marjorieís TANF amount.

      Code Deemed income as OTH on the minor parent.

    Verification; General Rule
    461-115-0610— Verification; General

    Deemed Assets, Parent of Minor Parent; TANF Rule
    461-145-0860 — Deemed Assets, Parent of Minor Parent; TANF

  7. Minor parents living with their major parents; turn 18
  8. When a minor parent turns 18 and they are on their major parent’s TANF case, the 18‑year-old must be determined to be eligible for TANF separate from their major parent’s case. Minor parents are caretaker relatives and at age 18, they are no longer considered a dependent child. An application for TANF benefits must be filled out and eligibility will need to be determined along with their JOBS status.

    Teens with no children who turn 18 are allowed to remain on their parentís case as long as they continue to attend high school or equivalent at full-time hours per the school, until their 19th birthday. Once an individual is 19, they are no longer eligible as a dependent child, regardless of their educational status.

    Definitions for Chapter 461 Rule
    461-001-0000 — Definitions for Chapter 461

  9. Participation, cooperation and exemption
  10. To receive a full TANF grant, JOBS-eligible participants must cooperate with the activities specified in their case plan.

    Cooperation is encouraged through identification of goals, strengths, barriers and resources, development of plans with participants, sharing problem-solving responsibilities with the participant and by helping the individual see the need for change.

    Teen parents that are 18 or 19 years old are still JOBS-eligible. Teen parents must participate in the basic education component if they have not obtained their high school diploma, GED or equivalent. Teen parents are JOBS-exempt from the requirement to participate in the basic education component if they have good cause.

    A minor parent  under age 18 is exempt from the requirement to participate in the basic education component, if the minor parent has  been excused by the local school district from state compulsory school attendance and meets the following conditions:

    1. The employment goal of the minor parent is an occupation or occupational field that does not require a high school diploma or GED, there is a labor market demand for it and the goal is appropriate for the participant and likely to lead to self-sufficiency; and

    2. The minor parent is participating in the job skills training component and an education component designed to result in a literacy level of at least grade 8.9.

      Teen parents can be assigned to employment training to prepare for occupations or occupational fields for which there is a labor market demand, and either he or she has failed to achieve good or satisfactory progress in completing his or her educational activities or educational activities are inappropriate for his or her education and employment goals.

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional